After an oral argument 3/2/15 (which I missed), Judge Carol Bagley Amon ruled 3/31/15 that the expert, labor economist Louis R. Lanier was unconvincing in trying to estimate the number of hours the plaintiffs--20 of the 36 people in the program--would likely have worked if they had gained membership in one of the five New York unions they expected to join.
This does not undermine the plaintiffs' argument that they were promised jobs and union cards by a Forest City Ratner executive and representatives of the developer-funded Brooklyn United for Innovative Local Development (BUILD), a signatory of the Atlantic Yards Community Benefits Agreement--contentions that would be assessed in a trial.
But it undermines--though incompletely--the plaintiffs' effort to claim lost wages of several hundred thousand dollars per person. "The decision is disappointing, and we believe, fails to appreciate the reliability of the census data," said plaintiffs' attorney Matthew Brinckerhoff in response to my query.
Then again, the defense has argued that many of the plaintiffs' spotty work histories undermined Lanier’s assumption that they would succeed as apprentices.
What next--toward settlement?
Looking at the decision
According to the judge, Lanier used data from the 2011, 2012 and 2013 March Supplements to the Current Population Survey sponsored by the U.S. Census Bureau and Bureau of Labor Statistics to estimate the average hours a tradesmen in each union would likely work, then filtered that national dataset to include only responses from unionized workers in the five relevant trades. He estimated the hours worked for each trade by averaging responses.
From the defense
Lawyers for Forest City--who also represent the now-defunct BUILD and its former CEO James Caldwell--argued that the plaintiffs "cite no facts or evidence in their opposition brief that could reasonably support Lanier’s unfounded assumptions" that plaintiffs would have worked 52 weeks (or any specific time), or would have worked steadily and gotten increased wages as soon as they became eligible.
Robert Sanna, Forest City Ratner’s executive vice president for design development and construction, provided evidence that "that the Atlantic Yards project, like the New York construction industry as a whole, customarily employs workers in phases, often of short duration," the defense said.
And while one plaintiff--who did get a union card--has worked "continuously," 14 plaintiffs were unemployed "for significant durations" prior to their enrollment in the training, the defense said.
From the Lanier report
Lanier's report summarized the annual compensation earned by plaintiffs between January 1, 2011 and October 24, 2013, based on documents and deposition testimony. Such sums would be subtracted from the overall damage claim.
For example, one plaintiff received a total of $60,747 from three jobs, at a law office, a detailing company, and a food company, but would have earned $195,958 as a laborer or $349,526 as an ironworker, according to the report.
Another earned $43,890 from a job as a home attendant, but would have earned $195,958 in total compensation as a laborer, according to the report.
The hope trainees had
One deposition highlighted the bleak employment situation some plaintiffs faced, and points to the deep well of need that Atlantic Yards and BUILD were seen as addressing:
Q. What did you do between 2000 and 2005?
Q. You weren't working at all?
A. No, I wasn't working; I mean, I was doing side jobs and stuff like that, but it was nothing that was on the books.
Q. When you say nothing on the books, you mean you were working and getting paid, but not as a full-time job?
Q. Just doing odd jobs?
A. Yeah, trying to survive, yeah.