Monday, Nov. 25
Tuesday, Nov. 26
Wednesday, Nov. 27
Thursday, Nov. 28
This watchdog blog, written by journalist Norman Oder, offers analysis, commentary, and reportage about Forest City Ratner's planned $4.9 billion Atlantic Yards project, to build the Barclays Center basketball arena and 16 high-rise buildings at a crucial site in Brooklyn. Contact: AtlanticYardsReport[at]hotmail.com
“According to the New York State Department of Labor, unemployment in Kings County last month stood at 9.6 percent, a figure higher than that of New York City, New York State and the nation as a whole. As good as Brooklyn is doing, creating jobs for many in our creative economy, this data shows how far we have to go to meet the employment needs of all our residents, from Cypress Hills to Coney Island.Samsung or local company?
“Anecdotal evidence tells us that our greatest opportunity for growth continues to be in central and eastern Brooklyn. That is why I am renewing my call for this city to put all of its energy into bringing high-tech manufacturing, assembly and warehousing to these communities. We must explore every avenue to economically incentivize major firms and corporations to move their operations to areas like Brownsville and East New York. You cannot put a price tag on the number of quality working-class jobs this initiative would create, as well as the reverberating benefits it would produce for our borough’s quality of life.
“It is time for companies like Apple, LG and Samsung to set their sights on Brooklyn and its incredible workforce!”
These are the neighborhoods—East New York, Brownsville, Canarsie—that need dramatic effort. You need the city to make an investment, to say, "We've got 500 food manufacturers operating within our borders and we don't want them to leave, so here's 100 acres of land, and we're going to give them incentives and tax breaks, but they have to create X number of jobs, hire within these ZIP codes, [reach out] to these churches, go to these housing projects." It's gotta be planned or it's not gonna happen. That planning is something I really hope that the de Blasio administration—and even the governor, to some extent—intends to make a major focus.They're close to JFK, and he suggests export-import companies should join them.
What about attracting a large corporation as an example? Mr. Markowitz has been publicly courting Samsung.
The idea of attracting a major multinational manufacturer of some kind is lovely, but there are businesses in Brooklyn now that need space and support to stay.
But won't that be more difficult to achieve?
No, it's a better and easier business model. These local companies want to stay. Brooklyn is part of their brand.
As a consequence of their hire-local strategy, these Tony Roma's franchisees will be ploughing wages into their new community, which is a good thing.Um, should we know the actual wage level for these five- and six-hour shifts before concluding that wages will be "ploughed"?
The wedge-shaped building has signage that's visible from three sides – which is factored into the rent. So it would work best for a big restaurateur with multiple operations or a retailer like Nike, Reebok or Puma, a tenant “that clearly has drawing power, puts a value on the branding opportunity and caters to the frequenters of the area,” he said. The asking rent on the property, which is 6,111 square feet in size if you count the roof deck, is in the “general range” of $200 per square foot, he said. He's in talks with “various types of users.”As for the Bergen Tile building on the north side of Flatbush Avenue, at Dean Street, the owners are demolishing the structure in anticipation of a newly designed apartment building with retail space, which will be marketed in the second or third quarter of next year.
Park Slope landlord Michael Pintchik expects to start construction next week “with a little bit of luck, assuming there are no glitches” on the site at 170 Flatbush Ave. that will put Danny Meyer's Shake Shack thisclose to Barclays Center.A Shake Shack rep said an opening is planned for late spring of next year.
And the burger-and-fries mecca could be getting a “very successful Manhattan restaurateur” as a new neighbor, landlord Pintchik revealed to the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. That tenant has a lease out for the combined retail spaces at 208 and 210 Flatbush Ave., with plans to build a “Brooklyn-centric” restaurant, he said.
|Photo by Adrian Kinloch, Brooklyn Day rally 6/5/08|
Three Genovese wiseguys and two associates pleaded guilty Thursday [sic] to shakedowns of construction contractors and a labor union.Sentencing is 3/14/14, according to the New York Post. The extortion scheme was unrelated to Atlantic Yards. The indictment described an extortion conspiracy charge and an extortion charge relating to a construction site "located at the intersection of Gold Street, Johnson Street and Flatbush Avenue" in Brooklyn--which could be the sites for the Oro or Avalon Fort Greene towers.
Reputed soldier James Bernardone, 45, agreed to step down as secretary treasurer of Local 124 as part of copping to extorting a contractor. Sal Zarzana, an alleged made man, pleaded guilty to the same extortion scheme.
I think there might be more people at the Maui Invitational than there are at the Barclays Center right now
— Davis Markle (@DavisMarkle) November 27, 2013
There is absolutely no one at the Barclays Center
— Joe Lassi (@joelassi) November 27, 2013
|Photo via David Greenwald/Twitter|
Empire State Development, the state agency overseeing the Atlantic Yards megadevelopment in Brooklyn, has agreed to pay $300,000 in fees to lawyers representing two community coalitions that won a lingering lawsuit over the project’s timetable.Read the full article to learn why such a victory is unusual, why Empire State Development decided not to appeal, and why the Supplementary Environmental Impact Statement is going slowly
The lawyers successfully challenged the agency’s decision, in 2009, to extend the potential build-out of the project to 25 years, while only studying the impact of a five-year delay on a project long billed as taking 10 years.
The fee is actually paid by Atlantic Yards developer Forest City Ratner, which, as is customary, agreed to pay for litigation, as well as an environmental review ordered by the state agency. The $300,000 represents about 83 percent of the sum requested by the attorneys.
However it seems like a loss, the $300,000 may simply be the cost of doing business for Forest City, which, had a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement been ordered in 2009 as the community groups requested, might have faced a stall in construction of the Barclays Center and thus continued massive losses on the New Jersey Nets, which at that point were owned mainly by developer Bruce Ratner and partners.
The winning petitioners were Develop Don’t Destroy Brooklyn, which fought Atlantic Yards, and a group of civic groups under the BrooklynSpeaks banner that have generally tried to mend the project rather than end it.
|From 12/7/12 financing commitment and agreement |
between HDC and FCR, via BrooklynSpeaks; click to enlarge
Affordable in reality, whether on the concrete corridors of Nashville or the controversial Atlantic Yards in Brooklyn, may just be a “starter” place for the upscale, young demographic wannabes, rather than an answer to the crises of affordable housing that ACORN confronts daily. Unless of course there is a housing deal to actually put real lower income families in the properties which is exactly what the deal with Ratner is in the Atlantic Yards proposal with ACORN, and needs to be what we start putting together in Nashville and so many other cities.Yes, there would be 20% low-income households in the Atlantic Yards rental units, making up 40% of the affordable housing, or 73 of 181 subsidized units. But with only ten low-income 2 BR units in the first tower, it's a stretch to call this deal a model.
|Income "bands" for B2, first Atlantic Yards tower under construction|
Dear Governor Cuomo:I'd note that neighbors of the project want oversight for a much broader set of issues, including arena operations and project construction.
Forest City Ratner promised the people of Brooklyn 2,250 affordable apartments at the Atlantic Yards project in exchange for hundreds of millions in public subsidies. Then it pushed back completing that housing for 25 years. Now Forest City wants to pull its money out of the project by selling a majority interest to a foreign developer.
That's an outrage to thousands of families in danger of displacement, and it's a raw deal for the taxpayers of New York State.
Brooklyn's elected officials have said the State should allow the sale only if there are new guarantees for affordable housing to be delivered when originally promised and appropriate oversight to make sure they’re enforced. I agree, and call on you to direct the Empire State Development Corporation not to let the deal move forward until those conditions are met.
This [Quality of Life Committee] Meeting is a forum for representatives from the community and civic groups to engage Empire State Development, Forest City Ratner Companies and Barclays Center operators regarding issues affecting the quality of life for residents and businesses in close proximity to the arena.The meetings are open to the public for observation, but, as noted, only designated representatives are supposed to participate. In practice, visitors sometimes get to be heard.
Please remember to designate only 1 representative from your organization to directly participate and RSVP that individual’s name and contact information to me, at firstname.lastname@example.org
In addition, please email me items that you would like to see discussed at the next meeting by Monday, December 2nd.
On team website: the Nets risk becoming irrelevant if they lose tonight http://t.co/lTOVbAcYLA
— Stefan Bondy (@NYDNInterNets) November 24, 2013
This is what it has come to: The Nets were booed on Kids Day at the Barclays Center.
— Stefan Bondy (@NYDNInterNets) November 24, 2013
We are all in this together. We will work through it. Brooklyn strong.
— Brett Yormark (@brettyormark) November 24, 2013
Russians support Jason Kidd, reports ESPN. NetsDaily told Moscow "frustrated" but "hopeful" about #Nets http://t.co/sDBgUbiPpO
— NetsDaily.com (@NetsDaily) November 25, 2013
So for now, these are Shaun Livingston's Nets. They're 3-7, which is only daunting until realizing that the Nets have played 10 of 82 games. For some perspective, they started last season 14-14, mediocre enough to get coach Avery Johnson fired in roughly three times as many contests. They still cruised to a playoff spot.More somberly, Daily News columnist Filip Bondy wrote last night:
That only changes should Williams and the other stars fail to get healthy in time to help the Nets this year. But Pierce and Garnett are essentially irreplaceable from the roster. Same with Lopez--I mean, Reggie Evans started at center Monday night.
But Shaun Livingston looked like the starting point guard anyone who saw him years ago assumed he'd be. That also doesn't matter all that much now, when the city is focused on the follies of the Knicks. But it could prove crucial to the effort the Nets make to take over the city next spring.
Kidd got so low on Sunday, he gave yet another postgame talk to the players about their miserable third quarter, huddled with team execs and then told the media he might be better off benching his starters for longer stints.
“Should have let ‘em play the whole game,” he said about the reserves who tried so hard in the final period.
Kidd took a backhanded shot at his starters, and then Paul Pierce took one back, saying the Nets aren’t making proper adjustments at halftime.
“Teams aren’t going to play the same in the second half as they do in the first half and we’ve got to realize that,” Pierce said.
...There may be a bottom rockier than this, but it is hard to imagine such a landing place. The Nets lost at home to a terrible-shooting Piston team that really has only effort and bulk on its side.
...The GM didn’t expect that would become an issue, but here we are just a month into a once noble experiment and it’s time to start thinking demolition already. Ultimately, Kidd may take the blame for this, if only because nobody else can be moved, and because the Nets are not responding at all to whatever he is telling them at halftime.
|Income "bands" for B2, first Atlantic Yards tower under construction|
Jason Kidd's contribution tonight would have been greater had he suited up.The Daily News's Stefan Bondy reported, Jason Kidd says Nets aren't getting his message after being steamrolled by Timberwolves:
— Steve Aschburner (@AschNBA) November 23, 2013
Somewhere in Russia or wherever he’s doing business these days, Mikhail Prokhorov is wasting a lot of money for an assembly of players looking older by the quarter. At least he can afford it. The Russian owner hasn’t uttered a peep since the victory over Miami on Nov. 1, while the Nets are insisting Kidd’s job is not in jeopardy.
|Unscientific poll from Brooklyn Game readers|
Kidd will stay the year. Even if they crash and burn for 71 more games, the Nets won't give up on what they acknowledge was a long-term experiment this quickly. He could've begun his career an assistant coach, like so many other players have done on their way to the head job. But here's the trick: other than the title on his business card, isn't that exactly what he's doing? And if so, who does this mess land on: Kidd for taking the position, the front office for signing him to it, or his assistants for not backing him up?On 11/21/13, the Daily News's Bondy wrote Jason Kidd starting to sound delusional as Nets dodge reality:
The Nets have taken an approach with themselves and the media to focus on the positive, believing it’s better to encourage than to kick in the behind.Still Bondy suggested the Nets would survive:
The problem with that is Jason Kidd is starting to sound delusional.
“Every time we take the floor I feel like this is the moment it’s going to turn,” the coach said. “Because guys have done everything we’ve asked, and gotten better each time we’ve taken the floor.”
There are reasons to believe the Nets will turn around this mess, but their steady improvement is not one of them. It would be much easier to argue the Nets have just gotten worse, especially since the high mark was the second game of the season in a victory over Miami.
In the end, Brooklyn might be saved by the crummy Atlantic Division and its forgiveness of poor records. Every team is at least two games under .500, and an automatic top-four seed goes to the winner.Columnist Adrian Wojnarowski wrote on YahooSports 11/22/13 that Kidd gets an incomplete:
Repetition matters for a coach the way it does for a player. In his first job, Kidd has a blessing and curse: great talent, greater expectations and perhaps the potential for the harshest judgment a rookie coach has ever endured.In Sports on Earth, Colin McGowan wrote The Jason Kidd Experiment, acknowledging the confusion:
...Players have been coming and going so often, there's been little chance to develop cohesion and trust. People can kill Kidd for running so much isolation, so few plays, but that's been far more a product of the roster's void of cohesion than the coach's incompetence.
Everything is crashing down on Jason Kidd. ESPN’s David Thorpe, during a Truehoop TV segment in which he graded various coaches’ performances, called him the worst coach in the NBA. Howard Beck of Bleacher Report talked to a scout who told him that Kidd doesn’t do anything in terms of calling plays on offense or defense. Kidd blamed himself for a blowout loss against Portland on Monday. It’s hard to determine the degree to which a coach is responsible for a team’s success or failure, but both the media and Kidd seem to agree: He’s not adapting smoothly to his new vocation.The character question
Even if the Nets continue to comport themselves on the court like grumpy basset hounds and play a style of basketball that offends the notion of style, there’s a lot about them that’s interesting. The premise alone sings: A legendary coach on the floor retires and takes over a squad composed of his aging contemporaries and a backcourt with the most disproportionate talent-to-charisma ratio in the league. They’ll be worth paying attention to throughout the year, perhaps especially if they implode.
If Jeff Van Gundy had his way, Jason Kidd would still be serving his suspension for DWI, and might be forced to miss the entire season.It put in a little relief the unfortunate choice of sponsor for a Nets poll regarding Kidd, at right.
The former Knicks coach ranted against the NBA for dishing out light penalties for serious offenses such as DWI’s and domestic abuse.
Kidd, one of the greatest point guards in the history of the league, was arrested for drunken driving last year and served a two-game suspension to start the season, missing games against Cleveland and the home opener vs. Miami on Friday.
From the moment the Nets hired Jason Kidd, they understood they were going to start the 2013-14 season before he would, that the consequences for the drunk-driving charges levied against him 14 months ago were coming, that old bill coming due.The question now is different:
...The crime itself was as much a lapse of common sense as it was of the law, a reminder that even someone who made just south of $190 million as a basketball player can inexplicably opt for a steering wheel instead of a car service. He wants to put it behind him, and so do the Nets, and once he has paid his the debt to the league as he has to the community, that’s certainly his right.
This, however, is what lingers:
The reality that as carefully as King and the rest of the Nets’ brass have crafted this coming season, there is, and will be, one wild card that is impossible to completely ignore, or define...
Kidd didn’t lead a perfect life during his 19 years as a player, we know that. There was an old domestic violence charge before he was traded to the Nets. There was the gangplanking of Byron Scott, a mutiny during which Kidd was the captain. There was, of course, that SUV he drunkenly drove into a telephone pole out East.
What happens when he suffers a lapse of judgment or wisdom now that he’s a boss, now that he’s in charge of a roster of highly evolved professionals, now that he’s being paid for that very same judgment that has been shown wanting every now and again across a very public basketball life?An in-depth profile
After a career marked by on-court brilliance and off-court trouble, Jason Kidd is now the Brooklyn Nets' rookie coach, trying to lead a collection of aging, high-priced veterans to a championship on a team owned by a Russian billionaire.Solotaroff discusses the dark side, including Kidd's "rep for being a coach killer," his marital problems, and the DWI arrest:.
...For a franchise whose history is littered with wagers that rarely, if ever, cashed, bringing Kidd aboard was the biggest risk of all. An epic fail could set them back a decade.
But if anyone is ready to do this and do it here – come flying out of the gate, make the Conference Finals, and win the hearts and minds of entitled fans in the most noxiously fickle sports town on the planet – it is Jason Frederick Kidd; he's like a post-racial, post-you-up James Bond. Put him on the line at the Boston Garden with chants of "wife beater" ringing in his ears, and he calmly drains two free throws for a playoff win. Trade him to Dallas, a floundering team with a me-first superstar, and he persuades Dirk Nowitzki to share the ball en route to the Mavs' first title. "The word pressure is not in my vocabulary," he says, walking into the Nets' grubby practice center off Route 17 in East Rutherford, New Jersey. "I use challenges, and I've won some and lost some of those. This job is really just another challenge."
"Bad decision," he said, stiffening at the mention of the crash. "Lesson learned."
Not exactly the voice of dear-bought wisdom or glad-to-still-be-alive contrition. But Kidd has always been wiser on the court than off it.
In the end, though, Kidd's fortunes will rise or fall on the play of his temperamental point guard, Deron Williams. Williams has been brilliant and baleful in equal measure, an All-Star who has clashed with two coaches and underperformed at crunch time. Kidd will get him to play defense, which he's done indifferently; stop dribbling so much in half-court sets; and pass the ball sooner on the break. It should make for great theater, assuming the two see eye to eye. If they don't, though, it'll be Kidd who takes the fall this time. The star with the ball is always the last man standing.The Nets made a big investment in players and coach. And while it certainly makes sense to give Kidd more time, at some point team owners and general managers do change coaches. For all the reasonable reassurance that Kidd's jobs is safe, remember that the Brooklyn Nets went through two coaches--Avery Johnson and P.J. Carlesimo--in their first year.
But it’s not too early for this statement: the most expensive roster in NBA history is not a championship team, not as constructed without a time machine. All that offseason talk about raising banners was replaced Friday by Kevin Garnett implying a shakeup is on the horizon.
You think he regrets waiving his no-trade clause?
"You’re going to have the business of basketball come into play, I’m sure, and management is probably going to do what they’ve got to do,” Garnett said, unprompted.
Eighteen-year veterans don’t bring management into the conversation during run-of-the-mill, early-season struggles. Garnett understands the expectations, and the Nets have looked awful.
Perhaps owner Mikhail Prokhorov will fly in on his private jet and blow up the whole thing. He’s paying handsomely for that right, even if canning the coach or the GM this time is an admission of a colossal mistake.
Here’s perspective: the Nets fired Avery Johnson, the reigning Coach of the Month, after a bad stretch of 14 games last season. They then dropped P.J. Carlesimo after he went 33-19 as an interim coach.
These Nets are 3-9, losers of seven of their last eight heading into Sunday’s home game against the Pistons. They may not have their own first-round draft pick until 2019, which you should re-read and let sink in. Forget cap space and free agents. Kidd —who just signed a three-year contract — looks lost on the sideline, searching for answers from a roster lacking the athleticism to be competitive on a nightly basis.
Mayor-Elect Bill de Blasio today announced the appointment of 60 experienced leaders and experts to his transition committee that will assist him in building a progressive, competent and diverse city government.I'm not sure Forest City Ratner's "commitment to progressive and competent city government" trumps it's commitment to a "responsive and accommodating city government."
“These leaders are volunteering their expertise in every issue and area of municipal affairs,” said Mayor-Elect de Blasio. “Together, they will join Transition NYC Co-Chairs Carl Weisbrod and Jennifer Jones Austin in helping me to assemble a team that’s devoted to building one great city where everyone shares in our prosperity.”
“My charge to the transition team is to identify women and men from every part of our city and walk of life that share a commitment to progressive and competent city government,” said de Blasio. “They will be advising me based on their wealth of experience and knowledge of specific issue areas and government agencies.”
Speaking on a panel of political journalists and consultants at the CUNY journalism school on Tuesday night, NY1's Errol Louis suggested that the media initially dismissed Bill de Blasio's mayoral campaign because they underestimated his support among black voters.POLITICO's Maggie Haberman said "De Blasio is coming in as one of the least-scrutinized mayors in history," suggesting that, "beyond a few signature policy initiatives—universal pre-K, for instance—the media had not investigated what a de Blasio administration would look like.
The press, he said, assumed that Bill Thompson would get a majority of the black vote and saw de Blasio as an outerborough white ethnic candidate, in the mold of Ed Koch or Anthony Weiner. But that's not how the voters saw de Blasio.
"It turned out he was a black candidate, in terms of voting," Louis said.
"People identified with the wife, people identified with the daughter, people identified with the son, people identified with the family as a whole," he told Capital after the panel.
DEAN STREET BETWEEN FLATBUSH & 6TH AVENUES WILL BE CLOSED for one week, starting Wednesday, November 20th through Wednesday, November 27th to erect a tower crane and dismantle the crawler crane on the B2 construction site located at the corner of Flatbush Avenue and Dean Street.
Please note that although the street closure will be from 9 am to 6 pm, this work is expected to start at 7 am.
Access to the Barclays Center loading dock is being coordinated via 6th Avenue. Vehicles requiring access to the loading dock will be directed by flagmen, which will be provided by the both the arena operations team and the B2 construction team.
For additional information, please contact the Atlantic Yards Community Liaison Office at 1-866-923-5315 or email@example.com.(Emphases added)
• Subject to receipt of all approvals/permits erection of the Tower Crane and the removal of the crawler crane will be pushed into the week of November 11th. Once approval is issued from the DOB, Dean St will be closed as required; from 9 am to 5 pm. Access to the Arena’s loading dock will be coordinated via 6th Ave. during the time Dean St is closed. This will be coordinated with the Arena's staff.Note that "closed as required" was a vague term that I (and presumably others) read as one day, which obviously was a misreading. But the previous two-week Atlantic Yards Construction Alert, dated 10/28/13 said "during the week," which did not imply the full week:
Subject to receipt of necessary permits, erection of the tower crane and removal of the crawler crane will take place during the week of October 28th. This work will require the closure of Dean Street from 9 AM TO 9 PM. Access to the Arena’s loading dock will be coordinated via 6th Avenue.
It is the consummate landmark for 2013 Williamsburg: a monument of the Brooklyn neighborhood’s industrial past that a developer has decided to transform into luxury high-rise buildings, knowing that people will pay to live in them for the unmatched views, the industrial-chic glamour and the neighborhood, the most up-and-coming of them all.And ended with a quote from Jed Walentas of Two Trees:
The Domino Sugar refinery, whose colossal machinery fell silent for good in 2004, is known across the East River in Manhattan for the neon “Domino Sugar” sign that presides over its sooty brick walls. Now the factory, which opened in the 1880s, is seen as a turning point for a neighborhood that has drifted far from its working-class roots. Some neighborhood advocates say the development plan, which the New York City Planning Commission is expected to certify next week to begin the public review process, could become a model for socially responsible development; others believe it could be the final stroke for the gritty, intimate Williamsburg they have known.
Many residents are simply resigned to the march of glass-and-metal luxury towers down the East River. If the Domino site must be developed, the thinking seems to go, the latest plan, a $1.5 billion Two Trees Management project, may be the best that can be hoped for.
“The fact of the matter is, this neighborhood’s changed so much in the last 10 years, and I don’t necessarily see it stopping,” said Matthew Viragh, the owner of Nitehawk Cinema, a popular independent movie theater a few blocks from the factory. “If Two Trees doesn’t develop this, somebody else will, is sort of my mentality, unfortunately.”
Besides, there may not be much of a choice. Though the public review process will most likely begin early next year, Mr. Walentas emphasized that if his plan was not approved, Two Trees had a right to build the previous design.What's the debate?
“There are lots and lots of folks that think there’s too much density on the site,” he said. “Some of them are realistic about the fact that that debate is over.”
A small but vocal protest group, Save Domino, has tried to harness the affection for the building among younger residents with social media and eye-catching protests... The group has an ambitious alternative plan: buy the site and turn it into art galleries, a science center and affordable housing. Its leaders say they have at least one committed investor, but it is unclear whether they will have enough money or whether they can persuade Two Trees to sell. (Mr. Walentas says the site is not for sale.)Looking at the numbers
If Two Trees wanted to build with the local community in mind, they would keep all AMI’s at 60% and lower, and build fully 30% of the floor area as affordable housing to allow for more two bedroom apartments and the inclusion of three bedroom apartments for families.While there would be two more acres of open space, most "would be taken up by the proposed extension of River Street through the site as a 'private drive.'" Also, though the Times described it as "more parkland," most would be privately managed.
New York City is so far behind best practices in development and planning. We need to start undertaking comprehensive urban planning in order to make sure that growth is equitable, sustainable, and rational in relation to the greater public interest. If developers like Two Trees want to build thousands of units on the Williamsburg-Greenpoint waterfront, the cost of the improved infrastructure should not rest wholly on the regular New York City taxpayers. It’s not a radical proposition.
The Bloomberg era is over. This project will be the first ULURP to greet our new Borough President, City Planning Chair, Council Speaker, and Mayor. This project will be their first opportunity to send a message that the old Bloomberg way of doing business, of huge giveaways to the real estate industry at public expense, is over.
|Adams at 1/22/12 press conference; photo/ Tracy Collins|